Success of a business depends on policies that satisfy the needs and expectations of investors, stakeholders and managers. Corporate governance lays the groundwork for how companies establish and implement these policies. In a world of ever-changing demands and expectations, effective governance is more crucial than ever before.
Effective corporate governance requires a thorough understanding of the company’s values, culture and mission. It is also crucial to have systems in place that enable companies to identify and minimize risks before they happen. This includes establishing an ethical code, establishing effective reporting channels, and regulating conflicts of interests.
The board of directors has to ensure transparency, openness, and accountability to all external and internal stakeholders. The board is responsible for ensuring that the assets of the company are utilized in a manner that generates long-term value to shareholders. This is achieved through a process that involves the identification of risks, the development of strategies for managing risk, and monitoring performance against the objectives.
Boards should think about appointing a director who is referred to as the director in charge to ensure that the board is independent leadership. This is particularly important when the company has a combined chair and CEO post. Boards should include non-management members in the evaluations of CEOs, if appropriate and evaluate senior management’s overall performance.
The board should engage regularly with shareholders and other stakeholders on issues that impact the long-term value of the company even if they are not in the position of directly influencing the corporate strategy or decision-making process. It should also encourage shareholders who would like to influence corporate decision-making to disclose their identity and ownership to the public, if the federal securities law allows it.